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URGENT ACTIONS NECESSARY TO COMBAT CLIMATE CHANGE
In the ever-changingworld, one question deems our utmost attention, now more than ever before in human history. Like every living organism on planet Earth- the planet itself is going through series of alternations, but, it is a fact that modern human society greatly impacts those changes thus risking very existence of life on Earth and well-being of all inhabitants on our planet.
Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system. Numerous scientific evidence and publications clearly show that the climate system is warming. Many of the observed changes since the 1950s are unprecedented and represent a challenge non like any other this planet has faced for nine billion years of its existence.
Experts have proven that human influences are the number one cause of global warming, especially the carbon pollution we cause by burning fossil fuels and the pollution-capturing we prevent by destroying forests.The carbon dioxide, methane, soot, and other pollutants we release into the atmosphere act like a shield and trap the sun's heat, causing the planet to warm. So far, from 1880 to 2012, average global temperature increased by 0.85°C. It may not seem as much, but the fact is that that 2000 to 2009 was hotter than any other decade in at least the past 1,300 years.
If nothing is done, this will lead to more frequent and severe weather, higher death rates wildlife extinction rates, higher sea levels, more acidic oceans, dirtier air, droughts, starvation, heat waves, stronger hurricanes and so on.
Realizing the earnestness of the situation, the UN family is in the forefront of the effort to save our planet. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was set up by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to provide an objective source of scientific information. In 1992, its “Earth Summit” produced the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) as a first step in addressing the climate change problem. At the 21st Conference of the Parties in Paris (2015), Parties to the UNFCCC reached a landmark agreement to combat climate change and to accelerate and intensify the actions and investments needed for a sustainable low carbon future.
The Paris Agreement’s central aim is to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change by keeping the global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius. In September 2019, Secretary-General AntónioGuterres will convene a Climate Summit, which will focus on the sectors that create the most emissions and the areas where building resilience could make the biggest difference. World leaders will report on what they are doing, and what more they intend to do when they convene in 2020 for the UN climate conference.Further more, United Nations led by environment committee has created 17 goals for achieving sustainable development goals, goal no. 13 being urgent actions to combat climate change and its impacts.
Finally, UN strives to implement 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This agenda aims to end poverty, promote prosperity and people’s well-being while protecting the environment by 2030. Some of the questions that United Nations environment committee need’s to answer urgently are:
How to create anefficient model for a sustainable future on Earth?
What are the measures we need to implement at once to prevent and sustain effects of global warming?
Ways of bringing member states together in common effort to take this actions?
Reaffirming goals of sustainable development as most important ones in polarizing world?
There is no doubt that ahead are the times of great struggle and greater challenges. Sustainable development is an action that requires an immediate enforcement for ensuring a safe future for generations to come. Today, more than ever, these tasks need urgent attention from United Nations as world unifier, and it is upon United Nations environment committee to ensure that becomes a reality.