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Sustainable energy is a form of energy that meets our present energy demand without putting energy sources in danger of getting expired or depleted and thus can be used over and over again. Sustainable energy should be widely encouraged as it does not cause any harm to the environment and is available widely free of cost.

For many decades, fossil fuels such as coal, oil or gas have been major sources of energy production. They are considered unsustainable because they are limited in quantity and not available everywhere on the planet; burning all carbon fuels produces large amounts of greenhouse gases which in turn causes climate change and has harmful impacts on people’s well-being and the environment.  Energy is a dominant contributor to climate change, accounting for 60 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions. This means it affects everyone rather than a minority.

Moreover, global electricity use is rising rapidly parallel to fossil fuel depletion. In a nutshell, without a stable electricity (energy) supply, countries will not be able to power their economies. The key to meeting those rising energy demands in the future is to incorporate renewable in energy production on a large scale, and with time, make a full transition towards renewable energy sources, including
solar, wind, geothermal, hydro power and ocean energy. Such change implies new opportunities, but also challenges. Countries and sub-national actors require human and institutional capacity building, adapted infrastructure, and access to financing and affordable technologies.

The combination of the conclusion of the COP21 Paris Agreement, the adoption of SDG7 on Energy as part of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda and 2014-2024 as the UN Decade of Sustainable Energy for All provides a confluence of international frameworks to promote sustainable energy globally, and in particular in developing countries and emerging economies. Most of the counties have already started taking steps to make use of alternative energy sources. Around 20% of world’s energy needs comes from renewable energy sources. Hydropower is the most common form of alternative energy used around the world.

There is a great deal of enthusiasm today about the development and increased energy production from alternative energy sources. Such enthusiasm everyone shares for these developments has in many ways created a sense of complacency that our future energy demands will be met.

In that order what do you think it can be done so that the process of transitioning from using unsustainable energy to renewable energy becomes not only faster but more efficient?

* What measures should be taken so that the problem of sustainable development is taken seriously and with great conscience?

* What kind of political action is necessary and what can and should the countries of the World do politically?

* And the most important how can our energy system be more Earth-friendly?


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